Heat Illnesses

Sunburn

  • Symptoms: Skin redness and pain, possible swelling, blisters, fever, headaches
  • First Aid: Take a shower, using soap to remove oils that may block pores preventing the body from cooling naturally.  If blisters occur, apply dry, sterile dressings and get medical attention.

Heat Cramps

  • Symptoms: Painful spasms usually in leg and abdominal muscles. Heavy sweating.
  • First Aid: Firm pressure on cramping muscles or gentle massage to relieve spasm. Give sips of water.  If nausea occurs, discontinue.

Heat Exhaustion

  • Symptoms: Heavy sweating, weakness, skin cold, pale and clammy.  Weak pulse.  Normal Temperature possible.  Fainting, vomiting.
  • First Aid: Get victim to lie down in a cool place. Loosen clothing. Apply cool, wet cloths.  Fan or move victim to air-conditioned place.  Give sips of water.  If nausea occurs, discontinue.  If vomiting occurs, seek immediate medical attention.

Heat Stroke

  • Symptoms:  High body temperature (106+). Hot, dry skin. Rabid, strong pulse.  Possible unconsciousness. Victim will likely not sweat.
  • First Aid: Heat stroke is a severe medical emergency. Call 9-1-1 or emergency medical services or get the victim to a hospital immediately.  Delay can be fatal.  Move victim to a cooler environment.  Try a cool bath or sponging to reduce body temperature. Use extreme caution. Remove clothing. Use fans and/or air conditioners.  DO NOT GIVE FLUIDS.

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